苏家屯| 信丰| 昌图| 资溪| 河南| 怀安| 偏关| 峨边| 元坝| 罗江| 阿图什| 元坝| 石楼| 北安| 盘县| 绍兴市| 砀山| 吉首| 邹平| 姜堰| 双辽| 噶尔| 连云港| 图木舒克| 河曲| 江津| 海门| 噶尔| 涿鹿| 化隆| 望奎| 长白| 三江| 聂荣| 吴堡| 霍城| 景德镇| 沂水| 湾里| 六合| 马山| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 景泰| 甘南| 淳安| 安龙| 化州| 灵石| 格尔木| 繁峙| 石门| 开封县| 岚山| 昌江| 滨州| 丽江| 紫阳| 兴宁| 吉木乃| 拉萨| 独山子| 内丘| 广平| 尉氏| 田阳| 龙陵| 伊金霍洛旗| 福海| 洪湖| 墨脱| 鄱阳| 施秉| 洮南| 交口| 戚墅堰| 北戴河| 新宾| 化隆| 响水| 荥经| 泗洪| 沿河| 乌尔禾| 邹平| 高台| 锦屏| 红原| 子洲| 辽宁| 连江| 峨眉山| 广灵| 阜康| 黑龙江| 陇县| 故城| 长岭| 邹城| 贡觉| 平陆| 扶风| 零陵| 上高| 漳县| 淅川| 会宁| 连平| 泰宁| 奈曼旗| 博罗| 横峰| 德阳| 栖霞| 雷山| 平昌| 霍邱| 永新| 沅江| 三亚| 临安| 湛江| 尼木| 改则| 临西| 安顺| 从江| 阿合奇| 兴义| 黄陂| 阳新| 肇州| 定州| 讷河| 灵璧| 瑞昌| 惠民| 琼海| 昌江| 泰和| 富阳| 延长| 南和| 周宁| 通化市| 通道| 呼伦贝尔| 遂平| 林甸| 桑植| 丹寨| 井陉| 西峡| 郯城| 安顺| 津南| 美溪| 远安| 普定| 吴忠| 莱西| 岳普湖| 白沙| 富县| 扶风| 桃园| 安吉| 花垣| 兴安| 林西| 巴林左旗| 香河| 德格| 黄梅| 马山| 木兰| 阳谷| 印台| 蕲春| 孝感| 顺义| 小河| 襄垣| 阿荣旗| 扬州| 托克托| 株洲市| 北宁| 威宁| 娄烦| 皋兰| 云霄| 惠东| 徐水| 吐鲁番| 同心| 台南市| 古县| 华县| 疏附| 沂水| 弓长岭| 乳源| 郑州| 安庆| 安康| 惠水| 衢州| 武冈| 麻城| 满城| 文县| 宁明| 乌恰| 万源| 浚县| 原阳| 六盘水| 阳泉| 分宜| 茶陵| 南涧| 铁山港| 浦口| 平泉| 扎鲁特旗| 屏边| 平乡| 惠农| 汉阴| 淮阴| 会宁| 安泽| 古县| 伊金霍洛旗| 元江| 华阴| 雁山| 南山| 阿克苏| 武强| 武鸣| 安吉| 高淳| 阜南| 万宁| 伊通| 儋州| 惠水| 嫩江| 鹰潭| 九龙坡| 尚义| 长武| 新泰| 黄山区| 新乡| 花莲| 宣恩| 榕江| 新余| 疏勒| 兰考| 灵武|

美军航母将永久彻底退出南海 原因很简单(1)-海外视角

2019-10-15 16:36 来源:维基百科

  美军航母将永久彻底退出南海 原因很简单(1)-海外视角

  AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)

Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)ContestantsperformintheChinaBodybuildingChampionshipsinTianjin,June7,,thechampions(Photo:ChinaNewsService/TongYu)

  AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)AnaerialviewofacolorfulsaltlakeinYuncheng,ShanxiProvince,June6,,thesaltlake,knownasChinas"DeadSea",displaysdifferentcolorsasaresultofmicroorganismsinthewater.(Photo/IC)CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TheaerialphotoseriesofthecountrysideinSWChinasChongqingLiangpingdistrictwinsthefirstprizeatthe2018NationalYangtzeRiverPhotoCompetitionheldbytheOfficeoftheCentralCyberspaceAffairsCommission,theMinistryofEcologyandEnvironmentand1,,395participantsfromallwalksoflifeandtheirworksreflectedthenaturalbeautyandpeopleslifealongtheriver.(Photo/ChinaDaily)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiXueren)AlightsandfireworksshowtakesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Alightsandfireworksshowwiththethemeof"AWarmWelcometoFriendsfromAfar"takesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)Alightsandfireworksshowwiththethemeof"AWarmWelcometoFriendsfromAfar"takesplaceinQingdao,thehostcityofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit,ineastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)

AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)AerialphototakenonJune9,2018showsawetlandintheKubuqiDesertofOrdosCity,northChina(Xinhua/PengYuan)

  Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

  ,capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ExamineestakeaselfiewiththeirfamilybeforethenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsideanexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan),eastChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/XuXiaoxuan)ExamineesprepareforthenationalcollegeentranceexaminationoutsidetheexamvenueatFenyangHighSchoolinLyuliangCity,northChinasShanxiProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/CaoYang)ExamineesenteranexamvenueinChangchun,northeastChinasJilinProvince,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/LinHong),capitalofChina,June7,mination,whichtakesplacefromJune7to8.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)Ajournalistasksforinformationatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]LiGuangda,avolunteeratthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummit,saidhehasreceivedmanythumbs-upfromforeignreportersforhisprofessionalandfriendlyassistancesincehebeganservingattheinformationdeskofthesummitsmediacenter."It,,"saidt,000studentvolunteersrecruitedfrom10universitiesinthecoastalcity,,another18,000volunte,theyarenicknamed"littleseasplashes".Theyhavebeenmobilizedtooffervariousservicesforthesummit,suchasassistancetoguestswitharrivalanddeparture,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]Li,anundergraduatemajoringinEnglish,,000studentsappliedtobecomevolunteersforthesummit,accordingtothemeetingsorganizingcommittee."Theenthusiasmfromstudentsisbeyondourexpectations,"saidSunJian,whoworksforthecommitteesworkinggroupofvolunteers."Wevechosentheoneswithbetterexpertisethatisparticularlyhelpfulforthesummit,suchasstudentsmajoringinforeignlanguagesandcomputers."Eachvolunteerhasreceivedabout40hoursoftrainingbeforethesummit,hesaid."Besideslessonsonetiquette,weveinvitedexpertsfromtheMinistryofForeignAffairstogivethevolunteerslecturesonhowtheSCOworksandthetraditionsofthecountriesparticipatinginthesummit."LihasbeenaboutQingdao,becausetheyaretheonesthereportersgotofirstiftheyhavequestions,ionSummitinQingdao,Shandongprovince,onFriday.[PhotobyFengYongbin/ChinaDaily]"Itsanhonortobepartofsuchanimportantevent,"headded."WejustwanttoleavetheguestsandreporterswithagoodimpressionofQingdaoandtheChinesepeople."Moreimportant,Ialsofindjoyinmeetingpeoplefromdifferentcountries,whichhasbroadenedmyviews,",ateacherfromOceanUniversityofChinaandavolunteerorganizer,saiditsnotaneasyjobtomaintainagoodpostureandgreetpeoplewithasmilealldaylong,aswellasofferusefulandprofessionalassistance."Thestudentstoldmethattheyenjoytheworkbecausetheygenuinelywanttoofferthebestservice,"shesaid."Improudofthem."

  Aworldwidedesigncampaignaimedatfindingaproperemojitorepre"theworldsfastest-developinglanguage"tohelpbetterspreadearthquakeinformationandmakeadifferenceduringanemergency."Althoughthereisanemojiforothernaturaldisastersandweatherevents,thereisnouniversalemojiforearthquakesandgroundshaking,",togetherwithsevenotherresearchersfromtheUnitedStates,FranceandCostaRica,,tsbasedonthecriteria"evocative,simple,universalanddistinctive."TheshortlistwillbepostedonTwittersothatnetizenscanvoteforawinner,andaproposalwillbemadetoaddthewinnertotheunicodeemojiselectiongroup."Havingaconcise,internationally-universalwayofdescribinganearthquakethatbreakslanguagebarrierscouldhaveimportantimplicationsformitigatingtheirhazards,andmaybeevensavinglives,"mergencysituations,butemojiscouldbeusedasseismometersonsocialmedia,Hickssaid.

  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  Thislow-angleself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsrovershowsthevehicleatthesitefromwhichitreacheddowntodrillintoarocktargetcalled"Buckskin"onlowerMountSharp.(Photo/Agencies)NASA’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”Thisself-portraitofNASAsCuriosityMarsroverobtainedFebruary4,2018showsthevehicleonVeraRubinRidge,whichitsbeeninvestigatingforthepastseveralmonths,directlybehindtheroveristhestartofaclaywherenorthisontheleftandwestisontheright,withGaleCratersrimonthehorizonofbothedges.-’sCuriosityroverhasfoundnewevidencepreservedinrocksonMarsthatsuggeststheplanetcouldhavesupportedancientlife,aswellasnewevidenceintheMart,thesefindingsareagoodsignforfuturemissionsexploringtheplanet’“tough”organicmoleculesinthree-billion-year-oldsedimentaryrocksnearthesurface,aswellasseasonalvariationsinthelevelsofm,andalsomayincludeoxygen,,organicmoleculesalsocanbecreatedbynon-biologicalprocessesandarenotnecessarilyindicatorsoflife.“Withthesenewfindings,Marsistellingustostaythecourseandkeepsearchingforevidenceoflife,”saidThomasZurbuchen,associateadministratorfortheScienceMissionDirectorateatNASAHeadquarters,inWashington.“I’mconfidentthatourongoingandplannedmissionswillunlockevenmorebreathtakingdiscoveriesontheRedPlanet.”

    TheChinesefami,  AsChineseresidentshavegivenmoreattentiontotourism,theirdemandsarerising,Liadded。

    JiangLinofBeijing,themotherofa10-year-oldson,isplanningtotakeherfamilytoEuropeduringthesummervacation。CraftswomanLiWenlingshowsherpaper-cuttingworksatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsafolkmusicperformanceatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)PhototakenonJune6,2018showsateaartshowatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)CraftsmanMuXujianshowsdoughsculpturemakingtojournalistsatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)CraftsmanMuXujianmakesdoughsculpturesatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June6,2018.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  

  美军航母将永久彻底退出南海 原因很简单(1)-海外视角

 
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吴江东:美成就学生的七彩人生
视频 | 吴江东:美成就学生的七彩人生

吴江东:美成就学生的七彩人生

与七中美术共同成长

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吴江东老师1996年调入杭州七中,当时学校创办美术班不久,有3位专业教师,吴老师亲历了美术班整个发展过程。他说,“杭州七中前身是浙江安定学堂,是浙江省最早的私立中学,到现在建校已经115年,学校先后培养了包括文坛巨匠茅盾、史学家范文澜、漫画家华君武等在内的一大批杰出人士。杭七中是首批浙江省一级普通高中特色示范学校,同时也是首批“杭州市美丽学校”,是一个适宜读书的地方。学校艺术教育是有渊源的,1927年在我校成立了一个漫画团体——金牛会,这可能是我国中学校园里最早成立的美术团体,其主要成员不少日后成为了中国美术界赫赫有名的大家,比如华君武、潘絜兹。”

说到杭州七中的校园特色,吴老师说,“学校校园文化建设有两个明显特点:安定文化、艺术特质。我校的名家作品收藏室收藏了200多件名家书画作品,美术展厅有1000多平方米,可以举办一定规模的展览,我们甚至还整体搬迁了一栋200多年的古民居,既保护了传统建筑,又给学校增添了文化元素,让我们学生有一个更多了解传统文化的平台。”

为学生营造艺术氛围

杭州七中的美术特色班在省内乃至全国都享有盛誉,学校给学生的艺术学习创造了哪些条件?吴老师回答说,“首先是学校精心营造了艺术氛围,除了校园文化建设,我们还全力打造了三大展示平台:教学展、综合展和邀请展。教学展配合日常教学,主要在校内展厅举办,要求每个学期每个年段举办一次展览;综合展以“七彩”为题,师生作品同台展出,是学校向社会展示教学成果的载体,一般放在中国美术学院展览馆举办;邀请展,以“名家作品进校园”为题,邀请国内著名画家来校举办展览,拓宽师生的视野。其次是动态的把握课程。本着“艺文兼修”的理念,我们分别开发了适合文化班和美术班选修的美术课程群,让不同的学生有不同的选择。

他自豪的说,“当然,还有一个重要的方面,就是师资队伍建设,我们学校现有33位美术教师,每个老师都有各自的特点,我们通过美术教研活动,协调分歧,达成共识,形成合力。 一个好环境,一组好课程,一位好老师,就有可能造就一批好学生。”

既要做教育家又要做艺术家

杭州七中美术班为高校输送了大批优秀毕业生,其中考入中国美术学院的学生累计已有1500多人,对此吴江东回应说,“在我们学校做一个美术老师其实是很不容易的。我给他们提出了一个努力方向:既要做教育家又要做艺术家,当然,这要求很高。在教育家和艺术家之间找一个结合点,这是我们很多老师的自我定位。我们有不少老师在这一点上做的不错,课上得很好,美术创作也达到专业水平,在国家级美展里频频获奖。

他说,“我们提出美术教师要课堂教学、领域研究、专业特长三位一体,争取既做教育家又做艺术家,成就学生,也发展自己。美术学科教师专业能力与教学能力的关联度比其他学科要高,专业教师专业说话。最好的引领是以身作则,要求老师做到的,自己首先要做到,所以在教学之余,我也坚持美术创作。我们学校美术班采用画室负责制,每位教师负责一个画室的专业教学,虽然身兼行政工作,但我的课时量是跟其他美术老师一样的,每周十四节课。分身乏术,我的创作通常是在晚上进行。”

艺术教育快捷不是好事情

绘画学习离不开对学生这一主体的关注,当被问到在教学实践中如何来调动他们的主动性和积极性时,吴老师说,“绘画其实就是寻找物象的启示,对接过去的经验,进而生发出种种转换可能。这种对接,这种生发,与观看者个体相关,并因个体的差异而多姿多彩。因此,绘画教学必须发挥学生主体性。我把多年教学实践经验归纳为十八个字:“自观看”、“慢体验”、“真尝试”、“点设计”、“逆思维”、“正评价”。”

吴老师解释说,“‘自观看’就是要让学生自己去观看。绘画教学不能用教师的观察代替学生的观察。‘慢体验’就是要给学生足够的机会和时间去体验。‘真尝试’就是尝试时要允许学生犯错误。‘点设计’要求每一堂课要有一个落脚点。‘逆思维’就是求异。‘正评价’的核心就是包容和鼓励。”

吴老师尤其重视“慢体验”教学,他说,“慢体验,需要我们有教学定力,不要急于求成,要给学生足够体验时间,让他们去观察、去感悟、去尝试、去获得。我认为,美术学习,快捷不是好事情,就如吃东西,不经过咀嚼直接下胃,你无法品味食物的滋味,同样,来自于教条的所谓“方法”,如果缺乏体验,你就无法体会到它的深刻性。所以,我们的教学重视写生,强调尝试。”

美术教育成就学生的七彩人生

说到教育理想的话题,吴老师说,“教育的目的是让学生有梦,向梦而行,美术教育的目的是让学生的梦想有更多的色彩,美在其中。我希望通过美术教育成就更多学生的七彩人生。”

  • 美术不仅仅是技能,美术应该是人的基本素养。

  • “美术学习同样需要很好的文化修养,从长远来看,没有学养的支撑是走不远的。”吴江东说。

  • 美术学习,学生的自我体验和主体尝试是根本,“慢体验”就是给学生足够的体验时间,让他们去观察、去感悟、去尝试、去获得,使美术学习成为他们的自我行为。

  • 吴老师说,“教育的目的是让学生有梦,向梦而行,美术教育的目的是让学生的梦想有更多的色彩,美在其中。我希望通过美术教育成就更多学生的七彩人生。”

吴江东:教育的目的是让学生有梦,向梦而行

新华网杭州4月20日电(宋珏)建校已逾百年的杭州第七中学是首批浙江省一级普通高中特色示范学校,也是首批“杭州市美丽学校”。学校文化班和美术班并重,文化班浓厚的学习氛围和美术班灵动的艺术气息有机融合,形成了“艺文兼修、协调发展”的办学特色。

作为杭州第七中学的艺术处主任,吴江东老师被评为浙江首批中小学正高级教师,美术作品曾多次获得国家级大奖。

美术是人的基本素养

杭七中的美术特色班创办20多年来,浸润着吴江东老师的许多心血。这些年来,杭七中向中国美院等九大美术院校输送了大批优秀毕业生,吴老师的学生中,就有150多位考取中国美院、清华大学美术学院等九大美院,多名学生取得中国美院专业第一名。

在吴老师看来,美术不仅仅是技能,美术应该是人的基本素养。吴老师说,美术教学除了培养学生审美能力之外,还有一个重要的内容,就是求异思维的培养。他认为,求异思维是美术学习带给人的最有价值的素养,是想象力和创造力的本源,可以让思维视野更加开阔。

架构“慢体验”教学 自我体验是根本

尽管身兼艺术处主任,吴江东老师还是一直担任一个画室专业教学工作,课时量并未缩减,每周十四节课,其中还有两个晚上专业辅导时间。近几年来,吴老师一直致力于高中美术班“慢体验”专业教学的研究,他认为美术学习,学生的自我体验和主体尝试是根本,“慢体验”就是给学生足够的体验时间,让他们去观察、去感悟、去尝试、去获得,使美术学习成为他们的自我行为。

吴老师表示,理想的美术学习应该是观察、感悟、尝试表现、甄选语言的过程,是悟道。因此,高中美术专业教学一定要重视写生,强调由学生个体感受而来的“不一样”的价值。在美术教学过程中,体验和尝试所得,可能比老师的直接经验传授来得慢,但它往往比较鲜活,比较深刻,比较多样。可以说,只有“慢体验”才能做到深体验,真尝试,从这个意义上讲,“慢”其实是“快”,美术专业教学一定要放慢脚步,教师一定要等得起,不要过早介入急于否定。

美术学习同样需要很好的文化修养

近几年,美术高考是社会一大热点,对于有志学习美术的学生,吴老师提出了两点建议:第一,是否对美术感兴趣。兴趣是最好的老师,美术高考生很辛苦,要专业课和文化课兼顾,有兴趣的同学可能体会到的是乐趣,没有兴趣的同学体会到的可能真的只有辛苦;第二,适不适合学习美术,他建议学生在选择学习美术前,最好请专业老师根据作品作个判断,看看是否适合学习美术,不管以前有没有学过,对形的感觉力如何还是能够看出来的。

吴老师认为,以前那种“文化课成绩差的学生去学美术”的想法现在已经不适用了。近几年高考,美术院校招生对文化成绩要求也越来越高了。“美术学习同样需要很好的文化修养,从长远来看,没有学养的支撑是走不远的。”吴江东说。

美术成就学生七彩人生

从教三十多年,吴江东老师先后担任过小学、初中、高中的美术教学工作,有着深厚的教育理论和极其丰富的教学经验。吴老师坚持“学画先学做人”,他说,教书育人,一个好的老师,最重要的是教会孩子怎么学习,怎么做人。从某种角度说,后者比前者重要。

吴老师说,“教育的目的是让学生有梦,向梦而行,美术教育的目的是让学生的梦想有更多的色彩,美在其中。我希望通过美术教育成就更多学生的七彩人生。”(完)

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